Life in the Village and beyond, based around the interests of my life.

Life in the Village and beyond, based around the interests of my life. Sunset at Telegraph Point.

Sunday, February 26, 2012

An Elegant Jelly Cabinet - Construction Part 2 - Making Mouldings

Artisans Expo on Friday, Camden Haven Show yesterday, Sunday chores and family time .......
So where am I up to?
Components need to be cut and sized - and if not square, made so.

Several parts - the sides, top, bottom and back panel are all wider than the stock that I have available, so some edge jointing and gluing are called for.  I'll use biscuits again, as they are convenient, strong and quick.

While the glued up panels are drying, I'll get the remainder cut out, and make a start on the mouldings for the crown and the base.  I am going to make my own mouldings from the offcuts of the New Guinea Rosewood.  Should be fun.

Here is the moulding plane that I have chosen for cutting this particular moulding.

It was made of beech by J Creagh in Cincinati, Ohio - probably in the late 1800's or perhaps the early 1900's.

It is boxed and sprung.
It has an inlaid boxwood wear strip down the left - as seen here - hence boxed.

As a sprung plane, it has two spring lines scribed on the front. These indicate that the plane has to be tilted to its left as it is used, to give the correct orientation to the cutter as it is presented to the timber.

The squared section on the right side of the sole as seen in this picture, is the fence that abuts the edge of the timber.  Keep all these things in mind when using moulding planes like this.

Look closely at this front shot of the plane and you will see the faint spring lines - parallel to the red arrows that I have drawn to show the orientation of the springing.
The fence abutting the edge of the timber can also be clearly seen on the right.  I have just started this, and already a groove is beginning to appear.

The plane will stop cutting when the built in depth stop reaches the level of the surface.  As can be seen here, there is a long way to go yet.

 As I cut deeper, the boxwood strip starts to contact the surface and the second groove begins to take shape.

It usually starts at the far end of the workpiece, and slowly extends along the full length.

Special care must be taken to even out the cutting depth as soon as the groove is the full length.  If left too long, there will be too much to remove at the start end of the board, and it will be awkward to adjust afterwards.

Best results in cutting mouldings like this are in straight grained timber.  There are a couple of curly bits in the timber I am using, and these will require remediation later.

Mouldings like this can be cut with a router, but will require a router table and multiple passes of the machine.

This creates mountains of dust and chips, and if not done carefully, runs the risk of burning the timber from the speed of the router bit.

With a moulding plane, there are mounds of shavings, but no dust.

They save on power and give a workout at the same time - win, win!

The finished mouldings fit the profile of the plane perfectly.  I'll trim them to width later when I decide what looks best on the finished cupboard.

I have been trying to discover the correct term for this profile.

Two possibilities are a quirked cyma reversa  and a grecian ogee with fillet.
Perhaps even a quirked grecian ogee.

If you know, please leave a comment.

Did someone mention shavings!

OK, the pieces are coming together.

Won't be long before there will be some serious joinery.

I have noticed that my reference lines are becoming faint, so I will re-mark those before going any further.

I am going to start with the sides, top and bottom, and then build the back panel to suit the size of the carcass.

The front will have a face frame to house the door, which will be of frame and panel construction.

I'll make the door last so that it will be a snug fit.
Not sure how far I'll get this week, as there are a few other items needing attention around the place.
We'll see ...........

Happy woodworking to all ...........


  1. Thomas,

    How great to see you using the tools you love. The moulding plane looks like it works a treat. I think i may have to invest in some of those one day myself.

    Working life is going great, I have two major projects on the go both centre stage peices for St. Paul's and St. Josephs. I would like to chew your ear off for ideas one day soon.... keep blogging, i am keen to see the end of this jelly cabinet and how it turns out

    1. Is that you Brad?
      I am so glad that you are enjoying your work, and I am pleased to see that they keep sending projects your way. I suppose these are all "love" jobs - in your own time and for the love of the task.
      Sheppy may contact you about those DVD's if he hasn't already.

  2. Tom,

    yes it is I, Brad. and yes Sheppy has gotten into contact with me, i am sending them to him this afternoon. all of the jobs are indeed "love" jobs, but that is ok.

    the blogg is great, very informative and insghtful little sayings are awesome.

    keep up the good work

    Brad Taylor

  3. Thank you for sharing this project. I love woods and your hand tools. That moulding plane is really cool. I never used biscuits for panel construction, simply I glue up boards together; do you find they are necessary for the requested strength, relating them to board thickness too?
    I like much your blog.

    Ciao Giuliano

  4. Thank you Giuliano for your kind words.
    I think that you are right, and that with today's glues, biscuits are not really necessary. I like them because they have two advantages for me - they swell up and expand inside the slot when they absorb the glue - and provide a stronger joint. Secondly, they provide a register for the flat surfaces of both boards, to minimise sideways slip when clamping. This is something that has happened to me in the past and I have found a little "step" in the joint after the glue has dried, that has had to be planed out.
    Happy woodworking ......

  5. This is a good common sense Blog. Very helpful to one who is just finding the resources about this part. It will certainly help educate me.

    1. I am pleased that my little scribblings are helpful. The use of handtools is not as common as it once was, and it gives me a great deal of pleasure to show how I use them.
      That this is of use and help to others also gives me quite a buzz.
      Thanks for sharing your thoughts .....
      .....and happy woodworking ...........